Multiple discrimination means that a person is discriminated against due to multiple personal circumstances at a time, e.g.: gender, nationality, race or ethnic origin, language, religion, disability, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, financial status, education, etc.

  • Example: A member of the Roma community who is also disabled may be a victim of discrimination on the basis of several personal circumstances (based on
    a personal circumstance of ethnicity and disability).

Mass discrimination is given when following a controversial conduct several persons are discriminated against, especially if it is motivated by hatred or contempt to persons with a certain personal circumstance.

The term mass discrimination is used as a neutral term for all cases of discrimination based on a larger number of discriminated persons.

  • Example: Erasure of a certain group of citizens from all official records (e.g. the erased).

Prolonged or repeated discrimination is considered a serious form of discrimination and means exposure of a person to discrimination which lasts longer or is recurring.

  • Example: Failure to regulate access to drinking water in Roma settlements.

Discrimination which contains or could contain hardly repairable consequences for the discriminated person regarding damage to their legal position, rights or obligations, especially if done in relation to children or other weak persons.

  • Example: The Intervention Act adopted an action of mandatory retirement upon fulfilment of the statutory conditions. In practice this meant that the employment contract of female insurers could cease a few months earlier than that of men insurers. Such a temporary measure had permanent and irreversible labour consequences for female individuals who in the time of intervention measures met the condition for retirement.